Functional (Psychogenic) Dystonia

Quick Facts

  • Functional dystonia results in abnormal, unintended movement or positioning of the body due to the nervous system not working properly.
  • Functional dystonia can cause movement symptoms in the face, neck, shoulder, torso, and/or limbs.
  • The onset of symptoms is often preceded by an injury, illness, or emotionally stressful event.
  • Diagnosing functional dystonia can be difficult and should be left to movement disorder neurologists and psychiatrists with expertise in diverse neurological diseases.
  • Treatment may require physical and/or occupational therapy, cognitive behavior therapy, and/or oral medications such as antidepressants.
  • Functional dystonia is widely misunderstood due to a lack of awareness among the public and healthcare professionals. Functional dystonia is real, disabling, and treatable.

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Accelerating Research & Inspiring Hope

The Dystonia Medical Research Foundation (DMRF) has served the dystonia community since 1976. Join us in our global effort to find a cure.