Paroxysmal Dyskinesias

Quick Facts

  • Paroxysmal dyskinesias are episodic movement disorders in which abnormal movements are present only during attacks.
  • Between attacks most people affected by paroxysmal dyskinesias are generally neurologically normal, and there is no loss of consciousness during the attacks.
  • The involuntary movements of paroxysmal dyskinesias may be dystonic, choreic, ballistic, or a combination. An individual may show one specific type of movement or a combination of movements.
  • Paroxysmal dyskinesias are currently classified into four types.
  • Treatment may include oral medications and complementary therapies, especially those that focus on the connection between mind and body, such as The Feldenkrais Method, soft martial arts, or yoga.
  • Paroxysmal dyskinesias may be primary or secondary.

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