Myoclonus Dystonia

Quick Facts

  • Myoclonus dystonia is a genetic form of dystonia.
     
  • Symptoms include rapid jerking movements alone or in combination with the sustained muscular contractions and postures of dystonia.
     
  • The distribution of these rapid "jerks" is variable but most frequently affects the central part of the body, including the shoulders, arms, neck, and trunk.
     
  • Symptoms may be dramatically impacted by the consumption of alcohol.
     
  • Non-movement related features may be present including depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, personality disorders, and panic attacks.
     
  • Treatment may include physical therapy, and oral medications. Deep brain stimulation surgery is emerging as a promising option as well.
     
  • Some researchers believe myoclonus dystonia is a variation of hereditary essential myoclonus.

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Download fact sheets on What is Myoclonus-Dystonia?, Living Well with Myoclonus-Dystonia, Genetics of Myoclonus-Dystonia, and Myoclonus-Dystonia & Alchohol.
 

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