- Cervical dystonia is also known as spasmodic torticollis.
- Cervical dystonia is a focal dystonia that affects the neck and sometimes the shoulders.
- Symptoms include involuntary contracting of the neck muscles, causing abnormal movements and awkward posture of the head and neck.
- The movements may be sustained (tonic), jerky (clonic), or a combination.
- Cervical dystonia may result in considerable pain and discomfort.
- Treatments may include oral medications, botulinum toxin injections, surgery, and complementary therapies.
- Cervical dystonia may be primary or secondary.
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