Generalized Dystonia

Quick Facts

  • Generalized dystonia refers to dystonia that affects multiple muscle groups throughout the body.
  • Generalized dystonia typically affects muscles in the torso and limbs, and sometimes the neck and face.
  • Generalized dystonia typically begins during childhood or adolescence, often without additional neurological symptoms.
  • However, dystonia in children can be associated with more complex neurological or metabolic diagnoses.
  • Dystonia may result from changes in certain genes (including DYT1/TOR1 and DYT6/THAP1), birth injury, exposure to certain drugs, head injury, infection, and other secondary causes.
  • Treatment often requires a combination of therapies including oral medications, botulinum neurotoxin injections, surgical interventions, and/or complementary therapies.

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Accelerating Research & Inspiring Hope

The Dystonia Medical Research Foundation (DMRF) has served the dystonia community since 1976. Join us in our global effort to find a cure.